Polyhouse Technology: High-Tech Farming in India
Farming is the backbone of any country. It is as essential as any other sector for the betterment of any economy. With the advancements in technology, farming has been reaching heights like never before. Traditional crop production methods, which were once deemed sufficient, now have little appeal and application to consumers as demand for off-season yields have skyrocketed. We discovered a standard solution to all of these questions: a Polyhouse. Polyhouse agriculture has transformed traditional farming in nations such as India, for it is time to shift towards high-tech farming in India, and neighbouring places like Bangladesh, providing new chances to increase productivity while using fewer resources. Polyhouses are suitable for various tropical or subtropical regions. From fruits to vegetables to plants online to herbs etc., anything can be grown in polyhouses.
What is the concept of Polyhouse Farming?
Polyhouse farming, basically a greenhouse, is a concept for growing agriculture. A structure is made using a specialised polyethene sheet as a covering material that helps grow crops under partially or entirely controlled conditions. They are also advantageous in keeping pest attacks, extreme heat, and harmful weather conditions aside. Traditionally polyhouse construction was made of wood and glass, but with the advancements in plastic technology, polyhouse construction has become easy. Deep irrigation systems are used for a better water supply to the crops most of the time.
Different types of Polyhouse Construction
Polyhouses come in a variety of shapes and sizes, such as the type of material utilised, their location, the yield they produce, and so on and so forth. But polyhouse construction is generally classified into two types.
As evident from the name, this is the most classic and essential style of polyhouse. There is virtually little influence over climate change of this type. The plants and crops are primarily affected by the weather conditions outside. Although some aids like a fogger, ventilation control, drip irrigation system, and pest control system are available, they are insufficient to produce off-season crops.
Polyhouses of this type are more advanced. Some highly useful extra functions are included, but are not limited to, such as sunlight management, humidity, temperature control, and so on and so forth. These polyhouses are best for off-season crops as they extend the growing season and provide access to some of the most unusual off-season yields. These polyhouses are also utilised to grow crops that would otherwise be impossible to grow in those areas.
Kinds of Crops that can be grown in Polyhouse Construction
Cherry Tomato, Capsicum, Cauliflower, Cabbage, Onion, Bitter Gourd, Chillies, Ladyfinger or Okra etc.
Watermelon, Papaya, Peach, Berry family fruits such as Raspberry, Strawberry etc.
Cacti, Succulents, Ornamental indoor plants online, Miniature species, Colorful exotic plants, etc.
Gerbera, Carnations, Chrysanthemum, Orchids, Marigold, Strelitzia etc.
Advantages of Polyhouse Farming
- This High tech farming in India has various advantages attached to it.
- Crops are protected by the wind, heavy rain, radiation, precipitation, and other environmental variables in polyhouse construction.
- It generates a microclimate around the crops, allowing for optimal production and quality growth.
- Pests and insects are significantly controlled, and the crops are less likely to suffer losses in polyhouse farming.
- More CO2 production in polyhouse agriculture is beneficial for plant development.
- A drip irrigation system is an effective alternative when water is in short supply. It's also better for crop development in polyhouse construction.